DTC P0059 HO2S Heater Resistance Bank 2 Sensor 1

DTC P0059 is a diagnostic trouble code indicating an issue with the heater resistance of the Heated Oxygen Sensor (HO2S) for Bank 2 Sensor 1. Understanding and addressing this issue is crucial for maintaining your vehicle’s efficiency and performance. In this article, we’ll delve into the details of DTC P0059, exploring what it means, its potential causes, and how to diagnose and fix this issue effectively.

What is DTC P0059?

The P0059 diagnostic trouble code (DTC) signifies a problem with the heater resistance of the oxygen sensor located before the catalytic converter on Bank 2 (Sensor 1). The heater element within the oxygen sensor is essential for quickly reaching operating temperature, ensuring accurate readings of the exhaust gas composition. When the heater resistance is out of the specified range, the sensor may not function correctly, leading to improper air-fuel mixture adjustments by the engine control unit (ECU). This can result in reduced engine performance, poor fuel efficiency, and increased emissions.

Potential Causes of DTC P0059:

The P0059 code is triggered when the ECU detects a malfunction in the heater resistance of the oxygen sensor. This can happen due to several reasons:

  • Faulty HO2S Heater Element: A malfunctioning heater element within the oxygen sensor can cause it to have incorrect resistance.
  • Wiring Issues: Damaged, corroded, or shorted wiring in the heater control circuit can lead to abnormal resistance readings.
  • Connector Problems: Loose or damaged connectors can disrupt the electrical pathway, causing the heater to not operate correctly.
  • Faulty ECU: Although rare, a malfunctioning ECU could incorrectly control the sensor’s heater circuit.

Symptoms of P0059

When the P0059 code is set, you might experience the following symptoms:

  • Check Engine Light (CEL) illuminated on the dashboard.
  • Poor fuel efficiency.
  • Increased emissions.
  • Possible rough idling or engine performance issues due to incorrect air-fuel mixture adjustments.

Diagnostic and Repair Procedures for DTC P0059:

Diagnosing and resolving the P0059 code requires a systematic approach:

  1. Initial Inspection: Connect a diagnostic scanner to the vehicle’s OBD-II port to retrieve the trouble codes, including P0059. Record any additional codes and freeze frame data to understand the conditions under which the code was set.
  2. Visual Inspection: Conduct a thorough visual inspection of the oxygen sensor and its wiring harness. Look for signs of damage, corrosion, or disconnections.
  3. Check Heater Resistance: Test the heater resistance of the oxygen sensor with a multimeter. Measure the resistance and ensure it is within the manufacturer’s specified range. Replace the sensor if the heater element is faulty.
  4. Inspect Wiring and Connectors: Check the wiring and connectors in the heater control circuit for continuity. Look for loose connections, short circuits, broken wires, or corroded terminals. Repair or replace any damaged components.
  5. Check for Shorts: Inspect the wiring harness for any signs of short circuits. Pay special attention to areas where the harness may be rubbing against other components, potentially causing a short to voltage.
  6. Test Voltage Supply: Verify that the heater control circuit is receiving the correct voltage. Use a multimeter to check for proper power supply to the sensor. If the voltage supply is too high or too low, trace back to the source and repair any issues.
  7. Check ECU: Although rare, inspect the ECU for any potential faults that could cause incorrect control of the heater circuit. Reprogram or replace the ECU if necessary.
  8. Clear Codes and Perform Test Drive: After completing the repairs, clear the trouble codes from the vehicle’s memory using the diagnostic scanner. Perform a test drive to ensure the vehicle operates properly and that the P0059 code does not return.


Understanding and addressing DTC P0059 is essential for maintaining optimal engine performance and fuel efficiency. By following these detailed diagnostic and repair procedures, you can effectively address the P0059 trouble code, ensuring the vehicle’s HO2S heater resistance is within the specified range and the sensor operates correctly. Regular maintenance and careful inspection of the oxygen sensor’s heater circuit can help prevent this code from appearing. If you found this guide helpful, please share it with fellow automotive enthusiasts and technicians. For more detailed guides and tips on car maintenance and repair, visit our website.