DTC P0155: Oxygen Sensor Heater Circuit (Bank 2, Sensor 1) – Circuit Malfunction

In the intricate realm of automotive diagnostics, diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) act as guiding lights, illuminating potential issues within a vehicle’s systems. Among these, DTC P0155 takes center stage as a significant indicator of problems related to the oxygen sensor heater circuit’s malfunction in Bank 2, Sensor 1. This comprehensive article delves into the causes, symptoms, inspection procedures, and effective solutions for addressing and resolving DTC P0155.

1. Causes of DTC P0155:

DTC P0155 emerges when the Engine Control Module (ECM) detects a malfunction in the oxygen sensor heater circuit of the sensor located in Bank 2, Sensor 1. The underlying causes can encompass:

– Faulty oxygen sensor heater: A malfunctioning heater element can prevent the oxygen sensor from reaching the required operating temperature quickly.

– Wiring and connector issues: Damaged or corroded wiring and connectors within the oxygen sensor heater circuit can disrupt proper heater operation.

– Heater circuit relay problems: A malfunctioning relay can prevent the heater from receiving power.

– ECM communication problems: An ECM malfunction or communication breakdown can hinder the activation of the sensor heater.

2. Symptoms of DTC P0155:

Recognizing the symptoms associated with DTC P0155 aids mechanics in accurately diagnosing the issue:

– Poor fuel efficiency: Delayed activation of the oxygen sensor heater can lead to longer warm-up times and inefficient fuel management.

– Rough engine operation: The engine may experience irregular idling or hesitations due to delayed oxygen sensor response.

– Illuminated Check Engine Light (CEL): DTC P0155 triggers the CEL to alert the driver of a potential problem.


3. Inspection of DTC P0155:

Thorough inspection techniques are crucial for accurate diagnosis:

– OBD-II scan: Utilize an OBD-II scanner to retrieve the DTC and accompanying freeze frame data, providing insight into the conditions that activated the code.

– Visual examination: Inspect the oxygen sensor heater wiring and connectors for visible signs of damage or corrosion.

– Heater circuit testing: Verify the power supply to the oxygen sensor heater using a multimeter.

4. Resolving Causes of DTC P0155:

Addressing DTC P0155 involves specific steps tailored to the underlying issue:

– Oxygen sensor heater replacement: Replace a malfunctioning oxygen sensor heater with a new, high-quality unit that meets manufacturer specifications.

– Wiring and connector repair: Repair or replace damaged wiring and connectors to ensure proper heater circuit function.

– Relay replacement: If a faulty relay is identified, replace it to restore power to the oxygen sensor heater.

– ECM diagnosis: If an ECM malfunction is suspected, diagnose and rectify the issue through reprogramming or replacement.


5. Clearing DTC P0155:

After successfully addressing the root cause, clear the DTC from the ECM’s memory using an OBD-II scanner. This step confirms the issue’s resolution and prevents the recurrence of the CEL.

Conclusion:

DTC P0155, indicative of an oxygen sensor heater circuit malfunction in Bank 2, Sensor 1, underscores the heater’s crucial role in sensor efficiency. Through a comprehensive understanding of its causes, recognition of its symptoms, meticulous inspection techniques, and effective solutions, mechanics can accurately diagnose and rectify this issue. Maintaining a functional oxygen sensor heater remains pivotal for achieving optimal fuel efficiency, engine performance, and overall vehicle functionality.